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FeedNavigator (EU) 01/26/2020 02:08
Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4, a molecular target of DPP-4 inhibitors, which are type 2 diabetes drugs, is expressed in a variety of cell types, tissues and organs. DPP-4 has been shown to be involved in cancer biology, and we have recently shown that a DPP-4 inhibitor promoted the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in breast cancer cells. The EMT is known to associate with chemotherapy resistance via the induction of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters in cancer cells. Here, we demonstrated that deficiency in DPP-4 promoted chemotherapy resistance via the CXCL12/CXCR4/mTOR axis, activating the TGFβ signaling pathway via the expression of ABC transporters. DPP-4 inhibition enhanced ABC transporters in vivo and in vitro. Doxorubicin
FeedNavigator (EU) 01/26/2020 02:08
Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and its active compounds (gingerols, shogaols and paradols) have been reported as having beneficial functions for several diseases, including diabetes. In this study, we revealed that the steaming process could enhance the anti-diabetic potential of ginger. To confirm the anti-diabetic effect of steamed ginger extract (GG03), we assessed pancreatic islets impaired by alloxan in zebrafish and demonstrated anti-hyperglycemic efficacy in a mouse model. The EC50 values of ginger extract (GE) and GG03 showed that the efficacy of GG03 was greater than that of GE. In addition, LC50 values demonstrated that GG03 had lower toxicity than GE, and the comparison of the Therapeutic Index (TI) proved that GG03 is a saf.

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