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Purpose:. Emerging evidence indicates that gut microbiome plays a crucial role in the cancer pathogenesis. Although Fusobacterium nucleatum ( F. nucleatum ) is associated with poor prognosis in multiple cancers, its clinical significance in predicting response to chemotherapy in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. Experimental Design:. The F. nucleatum levels were quantified by qPCR assays in tumor tissues from 551 patients with ESCC from two independent cohorts, including 101 patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to curative resection. Associations between F. nucleatum burden and recurrence-free survival (RFS), as well with chemotherapeutic response were evaluated using response evaluation
Therapeutic anticancer vaccination has been adapted as an immunotherapy in several solid tumors. However, the selection of promising candidates from the total quantity of possible epitopes poses a challenge to clinicians and bioinformaticians alike, and very few epitopes have been tested in experimental or clinical settings to validate their efficacy. Here, we present a comprehensive database of predicted nonmutated peptide epitopes derived from genes that are overly expressed in a group of 32 melanoma biopsies compared with healthy tissues and that were filtered against expression in a curated list of survival-critical tissues. We hypothesize that these "self-tolerant" epitopes have two desirable properties: they do not depend on mutations.
Purpose:. Atezolizumab [anti–programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)] selectively targets PD-L1 to block its interaction with receptors programmed death 1 and B7.1, thereby reinvigorating antitumor T-cell activity. We evaluated the long-term safety and activity of atezolizumab, along with biological correlates of clinical activity endpoints, in a cohort of patients with melanoma in an ongoing phase Ia study (NCT01375842). Patients and Methods:. Patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma were enrolled to receive atezolizumab 0.1 to 20 mg/kg or ≥10 mg/kg every 3 weeks. Primary study objectives were safety and tolerability. Secondary objectives included investigator-assessed efficacy measures; pharmacodynamic and predictive biomarkers of antitu.
Study has revealed that miR-29s group were frequently downregulated in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), such as tongue squamous cell carcinoma and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, which can normally inhibit cancer cell migration and invasion through their regulated pathways [18.

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