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Innovations-Report (EU) 08/06/2020 10:41
Scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT have come up with a striking new addition to contact stamping technologies in the ERDF research project ScanCut. In collaboration with industry partners from North Rhine-Westphalia, the Aachen-based team of researchers developed a hybrid manufacturing process for the laser cutting of thin-walled metal strips. This new process makes it possible to fabricate even the tiniest details of contact parts in an eco-friendly, high-precision and efficient manner. Plug connectors are tiny and, at first glance, unremarkable – yet modern vehicles would be unable to function without them. Several thousand plug connectors...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/06/2020 09:58
Can caterpillars be used to combat excessive plastic waste? Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability LBF have taken a closer look in an attempt to answer this question. The initial situation: larvae of the wax moth Galleria melonella are thought to eat and digest polyethylene, which is why they are considered to contribute to the CO2-neutral elimination of the mountains of plastic waste that are growing worldwide. However, whether the caterpillar can do this is still not understood and is currently the subject of controversial discussion. Within the Framework of a research project on the chemical imaging analysis of plastic digestion in caterpillars (RauPE), a team from Fraunhofer LBF used...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/06/2020 07:29
The European Commission has approved Hepcludex for the treatment of chronic hepatitis D infection / Successful translation of basic research into clinical applications / entry blocker also demonstrates effectiveness against hepatitis B. Joint press release from Heidelberg University and the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF). What started off as basic research 25 years ago has now lead to a successfully approved drug: The entry blocker bulevirtide (brand name Hepcludex, formerly...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/06/2020 07:29
Enhanced effectiveness and efficiency in vehicle handling | Successful tests at one of the world’s largest car ports: "Isabella 2.0" is the follow-up to the Bremen-based "Isabella" research project | German government funding of EUR 2.5 million for Bremerhaven project. The services provided at car ports span virtually the entire spectrum of vehicle logistics, from handling and storage to technical services.
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/06/2020 07:29
In Germany, as many as five million people suffer from liver diseases. The liver is a resilient and complex organ which we do not understand enough even in its basic functioning. A team at the Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors (IfADo) is now providing fundamentally new insights into the function of the liver to produce bile and transport it through ‘canaliculi’: According to the study, there is a stagnant liquid in these canaliculi and the constituents of bile move in this standing liquid primarily by diffusion. These findings overturn long-standing assumptions about how the liver secretes bile. They are published in the journal "Hepatology". In everyday life, we are constantly exposed to substances that are
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/06/2020 07:21
TRUMPF and Fraunhofer IPA confirm research partnership to run until 2025 // Goal is to develop artificial intelligence solutions for connected sheet-metal manufacturing. The high-tech company TRUMPF and the Stuttgart-based Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA have formed a research alliance that...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/06/2020 06:41
The previously largely unknown molecule bridging integrator 2 (BIN2) plays a central role in platelet activation, as researchers from Würzburg have now shown in a joint project of the DFG Collaborative Research Centre / Transregio 240. This finding provides indications of starting points for drug development against thrombosis, heart attack and stroke and was published in the renowned journal The Journal of Clinical Investigation. Calcium is an important signaling molecule in virtually all cells. Platelets are activated by calcium and subsequently contribute to hemostasis and wound...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/05/2020 11:23
A new study which provides a global estimate of rock cover on the Earth's glaciers has revealed that the expanse of rock debris on glaciers, a factor that has been ignored in models of glacier melt and sea level rise, could be significant. A new study which provides a global estimate of rock cover on the Earth's glaciers has revealed that the expanse of rock debris on glaciers, a factor that has...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/05/2020 06:49
Since the beginning of 2020, the Fraunhofer Institute for Biomedical Engineering IBMT has been coordinating the "R2U-Tox-Assay: Ready-to-use Toxicity Screening Assay based on iPS-Technologies" project, which is funded by EIT Health. The aim of this project is to develop innovative toxicity assays for drug research based on human cell systems. This should enable better prediction of undesired side effects of drug candidates in preclinical phases and reduce animal experiments in pharmaceutical research. Unfortunately, side effects of active substances are often part of everyday life in pharmaceutical studies. As a result, serious complications can arise in...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/05/2020 06:27
Carbon monoxide is a life-threatening gas - and yet it can have a performance-enhancing effect in small quantities. Researchers at the University of Bayreuth have come to this surprising insight thanks to a new study in the field of sports medicine. In healthy, well-trained individuals, the regular inhalation of carbon monoxide had the same effect as training at high-altitude. The online edition of the journal "Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise" has published first results of the study. To increase their endurance, competitive athletes often train under oxygen-deficient conditions. This is traditionally conducted in select mountain regions,...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/04/2020 09:34
A large number of the valley networks scarring Mars's surface were carved by water melting beneath glacial ice, not by free-flowing rivers as previously thought, according to new UBC research published today in . The findings effectively throw cold water on the dominant "warm and wet ancient Mars" hypothesis, which postulates that rivers, rainfall and oceans once existed on the red planet. To reach this conclusion, lead author Anna Grau Galofre, former PhD student in the department of earth, ocean and atmospheric sciences, developed and used new...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/04/2020 09:34
In the human body, proteins sometimes occur in fibrillar aggregates called amyloids. Although certain amyloids are known to have a biological function, amyloid formation is often associated with pathologies, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Understanding how exactly amyloid fibrils form is crucial for gaining insights into the development of such diseases and for advancing with treatment...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/04/2020 06:33
Soils harbour a substantial part of the world’s biodiversity, yet data on the patterns and processes taking place below ground does not represent all relevant ecosystems and taxa. For example, tropical and subtropical regions largely remain a blind spot when it comes to soil biodiversity. This is one of the results of a new study published in Nature Communications and led by scientists from the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and Leipzig University (UL). Soils contribute to many crucial ecosystem functions and services including climate regulation, nutrient cycling, and food production. To support their...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/04/2020 06:28
Airplane wings, wind turbine blades, and other large parts are typically created using bulk polymerization in composite manufacturing facilities. They are heated and cured in enormous autoclaves and heated molds as big as the finished part. Frontal polymerization is a new out-of-autoclave method for composite manufacturing that doesn't require a large facility investment. Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign conducted a study pitting one process against the other to discover the pros and cons of each. "Frontal polymerization doesn't use an autoclave at all, so it doesn't require that huge upfront investment," said Bliss Professor Philippe Geubelle in the...
Innovations-Report (EU) 08/03/2020 09:01
New technologies and research to fight COVID-19 can only help if knowledge is rapidly shared and deployed. The novel Open Access Hub area on SAIRA®, developed by Fraunhofer, enables fast and easy sharing and publishing on the latest research findings on COVID-19. To secure the authentication, ownership and integrity of information the platform will be integrated with Blockchain technology. As COVID-19 has been dominating the everyday life of millions of people worldwide and leaving its mark on people's health, societies, and economies, research...

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