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Study Objectives:. There is growing evidence to support sleep impairment as a core feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Sleep impairment in PTSD is associated with severe distress and poorer treatment outcomes. Therefore, specific attention to this symptom of PTSD is warranted and accurate assessment of sleep impairment is critical. The current study investigated the association between self-reported and objective assessment of sleep and sustained attention in women with PTSD. Methods:. Study participants include 50 treatment-seeking, female, interpersonal violence survivors who have PTSD. Nocturnal sleep duration was measured with self-report sleep diaries and objective actigraphy assessment over the course of 7 nights. Sustained.
Study Objectives:. This secondary analysis characterized sleep patterns for toddlers born preterm and tested effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)+ arachidonic acid (AA) supplementation on children’s caregiver-reported sleep. Exploratory analyses tested whether child sex, birth weight, and caregiver depressive symptomatology were moderators of the treatment effect. Methods:. Omega Tots was a single-site 180-day randomized (1:1), double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Children (n = 377) were age 10 to 16 months at enrollment, born at less than 35 weeks’ gestation, assigned to 180 days of daily 200 mg DHA + 200 mg AA supplementation or placebo (400 mg corn oil), and followed after the trial ended to age 26 to 32 months. Caregivers completed
Study Objectives:. Insomnia disorder (ID) is highly associated with Parkinson disease (PD) with great negative effect on health-related quality of life. Nonetheless, the relevance of psychological processes involved in the maintenance of insomnia is yet to be established in the context of this neurological condition. Our aim was to examine a serial meditation model of sleep-related safety behaviors and dysfunctional beliefs about sleep in association with presleep cognitive arousal and ID in patients with PD. Methods:. A total of 68 patients with PD completed self-report measures including the Sleep-Related Behaviors Questionnaire (SRBQ-20), Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS-16), and the cognitive subscale of the Presleep
Study Objectives:. The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and hypertension in prior studies has been determined using a definition of hypopnea requiring a 4% O 2 desaturation. However, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) recommends using a 3% O 2 desaturation or an arousal. This analysis assesses the relationship between OSA and hypertension utilizing the AASM recommended definition and the 2018 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guidelines. Methods:. Data from 6113 participants from the Sleep Heart Health Study were analyzed. The AASM recommended apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was classified into 4 categories of OSA severity: < 5, 5 to < 15, 15 to < 30 and ≥ 30 events/h. Three definiti.
Study Objectives:. The association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been reported inconsistently, and the association between antidepressant use and the risk of developing OSA in patients with PTSD has not been previously studied.
Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is one of the leading reasons that patients present to sleep clinics. Approximately 10% to 14% of the adults report that excessive sleepiness interferes with their daily lives. Common causes of EDS include obstructive sleep apnea, sleep deprivation, circadian rhythm disorders, medication effects, psychiatric conditions especially depression, and primary hypersomnia such as narcolepsy or central idiopathic hypersomnia. Vitamin B 12 deficiency is a rare cause of EDS. We are presenting a case of severe vitamin B 12 deficiency as an unusual and rare cause of hypersomnia. Citation:. Khawaja I, Yingling K, Bukamur H, Abusnina W. Vitamin B 12 deficiency: a rare cause of excessive daytime sleepiness. J Clin Sleep M.
Idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder is characterized by vocalizations and complex motor behaviors during sleep. We report a case of a 44-year-old male with a 20-year history of dream enactment behavior that was incidentally captured on a polysomnogram during an evaluation for obstructive sleep apnea. Genetic testing found the patient had a homozygous deletion for one of the five tandem repeats in exon 18 of the PER3 gene. This case highlights a potential genetic basis for idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder. Citation:. Brock MS, Shirley S, Rohena L, Moore BA, Mysliwiec V. Unexpected finding of idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder in a young healthy male with snoring: a case report. J Clin Sleep Med . 201.
Study Objectives:. The safety profile of the dual orexin receptor antagonists (DORAs) are currently unknown with regard to nocturnal responsivity among people with insomnia. We compared the auditory awakening thresholds (AATs) of the DORA suvorexant (10 and 20 mg) versus placebo in 12 individuals with DSM-5 insomnia. Methods:. The study used a double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-way crossover design. Participants were randomly assigned to a treatment sequence that included placebo, suvorexant 10 mg, and suvorexant 20 mg. At the time of maximum drug concentration, auditory tones were played during stable stage N2 sleep. Tones increased by 5-decibel (db) increments until the participant awakened. The db at awakening was recorded as the AAT
In this manuscript we describe a case of electroencephalography artifact during polysomnography that occurred in the context of mother co-sleeping with her child. The potential interference from a co-sleeping parent’s electrocardiography, as illustrated in this case, may be an under-recognized source of electroencephalography artifact in pediatric patients. Citation:. Li A, Matthews CK, Plante DT. A case of EEG artifact by proxy. J Clin Sleep Med . 2019;15(9):1385–1387.
Study Objectives:. Published literature documents increased risk for psychiatric adverse events (P-AEs) following dopamine agonist (DA) initiation for treatment of primary restless legs syndrome (RLS). We examined the association between DA initiation and subsequent new-onset P-AEs among patients with a new diagnosis of RLS who had no history of psychiatric disorder or DA use. Methods:. Selected were adults (age 18 years or older) enrolled through United States employer-sponsored plans and Medicare Advantage from 7/1/2008–12/31/2014, with ≥ 2 years of claims data preceding their first RLS diagnosis (“preindex period”). Excluded were those with psychiatric diagnoses (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision [ICD-9] 290-319) or
Study Objectives:. Several studies have reported an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and neuro-otologic diseases, such as Ménière’s disease or sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). However, the exact relationship between OSA and those diseases has not been fully evaluated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the prospective link between OSA and Ménière’s disease or SSNHL. Methods:. We used a nationwide cohort sample of data for 2002–2013 representing approximately 1 million patients. The OSA group (n = 942) included patients diagnosed between 2004 and 2006; the comparison group was selected using propensity score matching (n = 3,768). We investigated Ménière’s disease and SSNHL events over a 9-year follow.

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