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Aberrant activation of histone methyltransferase EZH2 and ribosome synthesis strongly associate with cancer development and progression. We previously found that EZH2 regulates RNA polymerase III–transcribed 5S ribosomal RNA gene transcription. However, whether EZH2 regulates ribosome synthesis is still unknown. Here, we report that EZH2 promotes ribosome synthesis by targeting and silencing a long noncoding RNA PHACTR2-AS1. PHACTR2-AS1 directly bound ribosome DNA genes and recruited histone methyltransferase SUV39H1, which in turn triggered H3K9 methylation of these genes. Depletion of PHACTR2-AS1 resulted in hyperactivation of ribosome synthesis and instability of ribosomal DNA, which promoted cancer cell proliferation and metastasis. Adm.
The purpose of this study was to identify critical pathways promoting survival of tamoxifen-tolerant, estrogen receptor α positive (ER + ) breast cancer cells, which contribute to therapy resistance and disease recurrence. Gene expression profiling and pathway analysis were performed in ER + breast tumors of patients before and after neoadjuvant tamoxifen treatment and demonstrated activation of the NF-B pathway and an enrichment of epithelial-to mesenchymal transition (EMT)/stemness features. Exposure of ER + breast cancer cell lines to tamoxifen, in vitro and in vivo , gives rise to a tamoxifen-tolerant population with similar NF-B activity and EMT/stemness characteristics. Small-molecule inhibitors and CRISPR/Cas9 knockout were used to a.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is seeking scientific information submissions from the public. Scientific information is being solicited to inform our review on Breast Reconstruction after Mastectomy, which is currently being conducted by the AHRQ's Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC) Program. Access to published and unpublished pertinent scientific information will improve the quality of this review.

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