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J-Stage 03/31/2020 13:19
At the time of disaster, fungi may grow indoors under uncontrollable temperature or humidity and insufficient cleaning. The damages from the Great East Japan Earthquake, which occurred on March 11, 2011, were vast and extensive with the remarkable damages by tsunami and the characteristic nuclear power plant accident. Out of the concern that the degree of fungal contamination in the indoor environment would deteriorate, various mycological investigations were conducted from 2011 to 2014 for t...
J-Stage 03/31/2020 13:19
In this study, we examined a method for measuring the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from wallpapers, by using solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Specifically, a wallpaper sample (7 × 7 cm, 49cm2) is kept inside a 640mL glass chamber, and which is the immersed in a constant temperature bath at 28°C for 30 min, following which the released VOCs are collected using the solid phase microextraction (SPME)technique. The SPME (collected ...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 13:02
Periodontal treatment is performed to achieve a biologically acceptable exposed root surface. Root planing removes the part of the root surface that contains inflammation-inducing substances. Previous studies reported that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) existed on superficial exposed root surfaces and deep root planing was not necessary for periodontal treatment. However, recently, it was reported that not only LPS but also various pathogen-associated molecular pattern molecules (PAMPs) and damage-...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 13:02
Diabetes is one of the well-known risk factors for periodontal disease. Herein, we report on comprehensive periodontal treatment, including initial periodontal therapy, orthodontic treatment, periodontal surgery (periodontal regenerative surgery and periodontal plastic surgery), and treatment for oral function recovery, provided to a 36-year-old woman with type I diabetes who was suffering from generalized aggressive periodontitis, in collaboration with her physician for maintaining appropria...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:40
Oral biopsy is a common surgical practice. To date, few authors have described the healing of mucosal wounds following oral biopsy. The aim of the present single-center, prospective, randomized, controlled study is to evaluate the differences between two chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthrinses and a treatment-free approach in the immediate postoperative period following oral mucosal biopsy. 354 patients were included in this study and were randomly allocated to three groups: A) CHX 0.12% mouthrinse (...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:40
Studies suggest that analysis of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is useful for evaluating periodontal status. In this study, clinical variables related to tooth mobility, and multiple cytokine levels in proximate GCF, were measured at four time points during initial periodontal treatment: before treatment (baseline), after supragingival scaling, after occlusal adjustment, and after scaling and root planing (SRP); 20 teeth from 13 patients with periodontitis were included. Baseline interleukin...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:40
Psychophysical stress can cause neural changes that increase nociception in the orofacial region, particularly the masseter muscle (MM). The nucleus raphe magnus (NRM), which is located in the brain stem, serves the crucial role of regulating nociception through descending modulatory pain control. However, it remains unclear if neural activities in the NRM are affected under psychophysical stress conditions. This study conducted experiments to assess (1) whether neural activity, indicated by ...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:40
Mouth rinses are a useful supplementary tool for the prevention of oral infectious diseases. Although the antimicrobial effects of mouth rinses have been investigated, there are few studies focusing on the comparison of the effects among various oral bacterial species. In the present study, the inhibitory effect of a commercial mouth rinse, “ConCoolF,” and each of its major components, chlorhexidine gluconate, ethanol, and green tea extract, on multiple species of oral bacteria were investiga...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:40
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a serious, potentially malignant oral disorder. It is histopathologically characterized by chronic inflammation and atrophic epithelium accompanied by the accumulation of collagen fibers in the lamina propria. The molecular mechanisms leading to atrophic epithelium remain poorly understood. Therefore, the present study investigated the role of autophagy and apoptosis in atrophic epithelium in OSF. The expression of Caspase-3 and autophagy-related proteins (LC3...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:40
Qualified diagrams of removable partial denture (RPD) designs created by dentists provide technicians with clear and dynamic information. Generating RPD design in the clinical decision support system (CDSS) can be achieved by producing the RPD design in a textual format and then transferring the design onto diagrams. The drawing of RPD diagrams automatically and efficiently for the given textual designs is still under investigation. A new workflow consisting of three major steps is developed ...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:40
The morphogenesis of long bones is a multistep process that generates a variety of genetically defined forms. The tarsometatarsal (TMT) long bone morphology in birds develops through lateral fusion of three initially independent periosteal bone cylinders (BCs). Previous studies have clarified the histological details and chronology of the changes occurring during development. The present study investigated the temporospatial distribution of osteogenic and osteoclastic cells in the embryonic c...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:39
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is one of the most frequently seen idiopathic pain conditions in a dental setting. Peri- and postmenopausal women are most frequently affected, and patients who experience BMS complain of persistent burning pain mainly at the tip and the bilateral border of the tongue. Recent studies have assessed whether BMS is a neuropathic pain condition, based on morphologic changes in biopsied tongue specimens, and whether there are abnormal pain responses in patients with th...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:39
Physiological pain protects the body and its systems from damage, but pathological pain has no obvious biological role. Complementary alternative medicine (CAM) agents are being increasingly studied in the treatment of clinical pain, and some dietary constituents (polyphenol, carotenoids, and fatty acids) and supplements may modify pain pathways. Because these substances modulate neuronal excitability—including the trigeminal pain pathway via various voltage-gated ionic channels and transient...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:39
The signs and symptoms of persistent temporomandibular joint (TMJ)/muscle disorder (TMJD) pain suggest the existence of a central neural dysfunction or a problem of pain amplification. The etiology of chronic TMJD is not known; however, female sex hormones have been identified as significant risk factors. Converging lines of evidence indicate that the junctional region between the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis (Vc) and the upper cervical spinal cord, termed the Vc/C1-2 region, is the primary...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:39
Corticofugal projections to neurons in the medullary dorsal horn, i.e., the trigeminal spinal subnucleus caudalis (Sp5C), are thought to play a critical role in regulating nociceptive information processing in the trigeminal nervous system. The Sp5C consists of 5 layers, each of which exhibits its own characteristic features of cellular organization. Therefore, the layers receiving corticofugal projections must be identified when discussing the role of the cerebral cortex in nociception arisi...
J-Stage 03/27/2020 12:39
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a polymodal receptor channel, which plays an important role in pain transduction. It is important to understand the functional expression of this channel under neuropathic pain (NP) conditions. A novel method was used to investigate the dynamics of functional expression of this channel on regenerated neurons under NP conditions following trigeminal nerve injury using a combination of a permanently charged sodium channel blocker (QX-314) and ...

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