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CATO at Liberty 02/20/2020 15:38
This year’s Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) (EROP) contains a very heartening chapter on antitrust policy and competition issues. It’s clear the CEA doesn’t buy into the idea that the U.S. has a pervasive “monopoly problem” and is very aware of the danger of simplistic thinking around large digital platforms. The President’s economic advisers echo much of on the use of crude national industry concentration measures as proxies for the health of competition. They bring lots of theoretical arguments and empirical evidence to bear that these are not reflective of relevant product markets pertaining to antitrust enforcement, not least because markets are often incredibly local. For example, six‐digit NAICS codes are often used to assess secto.
CATO at Liberty 02/19/2020 13:35
Despite the fact that minority families tend to , and certainly desire it , choice opponents love to imply that the modern choice movement is . On what do they base this? After the U.S. Supreme Court declared longstanding, government‐forced public school segregation unconstitutional in Brown v. Board of Education (1954), some people in the South tried to use publicly funded private school choice to avoid integration. Lately, choice resisters have been citing a “new” book by Steve Suitts, former vice president of the Southern Education Foundation and an adjunct lecturer at Emory University, to make their case. The title says it all: . Why do I put “new” in quotes? Because while the book is technically new, it appears to be an almost word‐for.
CATO at Liberty 02/18/2020 13:49
A persistent complaint about the H‑1B visa program for skilled foreign workers is that employers use it to replace U.S. workers, leading many to fail to find jobs. Of course, it is true that many U.S. college graduates fail to find jobs that use their education, but the fact is that the prevalence of this phenomenon has remained roughly constant for 30 years, even as the number of H‑1B visas issued has escalated. The data for this post comes from the of the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and Department of Labor data. Figure 1 compares H‑1B visa issuances to underemployment among college graduates for each year from 1990 to 2019. There’s not a statistically significant correlation between H‑1B visas and underemployment among rece.
CATO at Liberty 02/14/2020 16:42
, , and. One of the most important practical applications of freedom of contract in present‐day America is arbitration, which allows parties to take disputes out of the court system by agreeing to submit to the judgment of an arbitrator. As an institution, arbitration has grown vital to the business community as a way of planning around the costs, delays, and uncertainties of courtroom litigation. At the same time, arbitration has come under intense attack from opponents. The U.S. Supreme Court has defended arbitration through its interpretations of the Federal Arbitration Act (“FAA”), which Congress passed in 1925 in an effort to overcome judicial antagonism toward the practice. The FAA requires that courts treat arbitration agreements as f.
CATO at Liberty 02/14/2020 15:37
and. Huan Zhu. The , described as a "phase one" deal, entered into force today (30 days after signature, pursuant to Article 8.3, para. 1). The Agreement has created a temporary tariff truce. For the time being, it seems that tariffs will not be raised further, and both sides lowered their retaliatory tariffs to some extent, which is good news. But with all the talk of tariffs, it is easy to lose sight of the U.S. concerns about Chinese trade practices. How does the Agreement do in terms of addressing the purported basis for the trade war? The trade war began with a Section 301 investigation and report by the U.S. Trade Representative's Office on China’s "Acts, Policies, and Practices Related to Technology Transfer, Intellectual Property, and.
CATO at Liberty 02/14/2020 12:21
The U.S. Census Bureau released today that concludes that population of the United States will fall by 2060 if the government stops immigration. The report—which projects the future American population under different immigration scenarios—also finds that “higher international immigration over the next four decades would produce a faster growing, more diverse, and younger population for the United States.”Figure 1 graphs the numbers provided in the report using the labels that the Census uses for its four scenarios. The Census states that its “main” series—originally calculated in an earlier report—comes from recent immigration trends from 2011 to 2015. Its low‐immigration scenario is half that rate, and its high immigration scenario is do.
CATO at Liberty 02/13/2020 14:11
Speaking to NYU's "Money Marketeers" last week, Randy Quarles, the Fed's Vice Chair for Supervision, shared his views on Fed policy, and particularly on steps he thinks the Fed should take to reduce the size of its balance sheet. Perhaps better than anyone else at the Fed, Mr. Quarles understands the role that liquidity requirements play in propping-up banks' demand for excess reserves, and how those requirements foiled the Fed's attempt to get the quantity of such reserves substantially below its crisis-era peak. Rather than accept that defeat, Mr. Quarles wants the Fed to try again, after first taking steps he believes capable of reducing banks' demand for reserves.
CATO at Liberty 02/13/2020 09:52
Politicians love infrastructure, but many local government projects seem awfully wasteful. We’ve all seen the questionable spending—the half dozen union guys standing around while one digs, the needless reconstruction of sidewalks, the dangerous bike‐lane schemes on city streets, the empty city buses clogging traffic, and those digital announcement signs on highways with no useful information. Local governments are flush with cash, and they waste it. Where I live in Virginia, a local government spent $1 million on that should have cost $20,000. flagged a yesterday about Washington’s terribly mismanaged transit agency. ABC7’s Sam Sweeney found:. Metro has spent $3.8 million and taken five years to build two unfinished bike racks—at East Falls.
CATO at Liberty 02/13/2020 09:50
and. When does a local ordinance relating to commercial signage become an unconstitutional regulation of speech? That is the question before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in Reagan National Advertising of Austin v. City of Austin —a case that, if Austin, Texas has its way, could bring a troubling course correction to existing commercial‐speech doctrine. Austin distinguishes “on‐premise” from “off‐premise” signs, prohibiting the construction of new “off‐premise” signs—signs that advertise products or businesses located elsewhere—while at the same time allowing for new “on‐premise” signs. The city argues that the distinction preserves the city’s aesthetic character and ensures public safety. When advertising company Reagan Na.
CATO at Liberty 02/12/2020 16:48
The Chinese military is flexing its muscles in the Taiwan Strait in response to last month’s electoral triumph by Taiwan’s pro‐independence Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). President Tsai Ing-wen’s landslide reelection, combined with the DPP’s retention of a majority in the legislature, infuriated Beijing’s leadership. A dangerously provocative response was not long in coming. Acrimonious bilateral relations took on a worrisome military dimension early this week. Despite the onset of the coronavirus crisis and the pervasive disruptions it has caused, the Chinese government found time to orchestrate a show of force in the Strait.
CATO at Liberty 02/12/2020 10:40
The White House released its budget proposal for Fiscal Year 2021 earlier this week (), and it is recommending $740.5 bn for national defense. That total includes $636.4 bn for the Pentagon’s base budget, plus another $69 bn for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO). Judging from these numbers, the Trump administration believes it can achieve “military dominance in all warfighting domains—air, land, sea, space, and cyberspace” for much less than called by for the in late 2018. The panel of experts believed that military spending must rise year‐over‐year by 3 to 5 percent above the rate of inflation. The watchdog group Taxpayers for Common Sense did the math, concluding that the commission’s recommendation could produce . In nominal terms, h.
CATO at Liberty 02/11/2020 17:21
The EPA’s annual just came out, and it’s as confusing as ever—by insidious design. All agencies have whose responsibility is to work with the White House to produce a budget for congressional consideration. In addition to crunching numbers, agency CFOs also provide lawmakers with two qualitative descriptions: a “budget‐in‐brief” and a “budget justification.” These documents are supposed to play a crucial role in Congress’s power of the purse. After all, Congress cannot be a responsible steward of public funds if lawmakers have no idea how appropriations are spent. Maybe it’s just me, but I think these documents should be easy‐peasy. A useful budget justification would:. Identify the regulatory program;. Identify the office or division in the
CATO at Liberty 02/11/2020 17:17
In the coming weeks the Cato Institute foreign policy team will release its strategic analysis of the 2021 Budget. The newly released Trump Administration budget for 2021 only continues to exemplify many of the budget pathologies we identify as challenges to constructing a viable national strategy for defense. Instead of making hard choices, tepid moves are made that do not suit overall U.S. strategic posture. The 2021 Defense budget alone requests $636 billion, an increase from $633 billion enacted by the 2020 National Defense Authorization Act. While not a dramatic increase from the 2020 request, the budget for the military is still increasing at time when we are trying to lessen foreign commitments and have reduced manpower needs. Furthe.
CATO at Liberty 02/11/2020 12:09
The United States’ immigration system favors family reunification, even in the so‐called employment‐based categories. The family members of immigrant workers must use employment‐based green cards . Instead of a separate green card category for spouses and children, they get a green card that would otherwise go to a skilled worker. In 2018, 56 percent of all supposed employment‐based green cards went to the family members of workers (Figure 1). The other 44 percent went to the workers themselves. Surprisingly, this is a better ratio than last year, when only of the beneficiaries were workers. and many of them are highly skilled, but they should have a separate green card category or be exempted from the employment green card cap altogether.
CATO at Liberty 02/11/2020 09:30
When Bitcoin’s price spiked in 2017, so did public mentions of the cryptocurrency, as measured by a Google n-gram plot. When William Jennings Bryan promoted bimetallism during his run for President in 1896, mentions of bimetallism similarly spiked. Noting this parallel, economist Robert Shiller compares the two monetary systems more generally in chapter 12 of his 2019 book. , “The Gold Standard versus Bimetallism.”Shiller was the 2013 Economics Nobel Prize co-recipient. He recently appeared to discuss the book on. . Shiller observes (p. 161) that “the enthusiasm for bimetallism in the nineteenth century seems similar to the excitement for Bitcoin we have seen in recent years.” Later he goes a bit further to propose that “narratives about gol.
CATO at Liberty 02/10/2020 14:18
President Trump’s new budget projects that federal spending will rise to $4.83 trillion in fiscal year 2021. When Trump came into office in 2017, spending was $3.98 trillion. In just four years under this president, spending will be up $850 billion, or 21 percent. In reality, however, federal spending in 2021 will be more than $4.83 trillion. That figure is “net” outlays, but “gross” outlays will be $5.41 trillion, as shown in the chart. Reporters and budget wonks usually use the net figure, but the gross figure is the government’s actual total spending. The difference is “offsetting collections” and “offsetting receipts” from the public. These revenues are netted against spending at either the program level, agency level, or government‐wid.
CATO at Liberty 02/10/2020 13:14
The Trump administration its budget for fiscal year 2021. In the face of huge deficits, the budget proposes numerous reforms to discretionary and entitlement spending and foresees the budget eventually balancing by 2035. On the revenue side, the budget would extend the Trump tax cuts beyond 2025, which would reduce federal revenue growth. But the budget also assumes strong economic growth in the coming years, which the administration projects would help fill federal coffers with rising tax receipts. The chart below compares spending and revenues in the Trump budget to the latest baseline projections from the Congressional Budget Office. The administration is proposing $4.6 trillion in deficit‐reduction measures over the next decade. Those c.
CATO at Liberty 02/10/2020 08:47
The trade specialty publication Inside US Trade that the Trump administration is looking to convert the current tariff preferences offered to imports from Kenya into a bilateral trade deal:. The U.S and Kenya have agreed to begin negotiations toward a free trade agreement, the Trump administration and Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta announced on Thursday. ... [
CATO at Liberty 02/09/2020 20:54
The New York Times recently published a disturbing about life‐threating errors made by overworked pharmacists, many of whom complain of “.” A relatively recent innovation can provide them some needed relief while at the same time improve convenience and reduce costs to consumers, if regulators get out of the way: the . These vending machines contain prescription and over‐the‐counter drugs (but not controlled substances) and have a state‐licensed pharmacist available to consult, on demand, remotely. The technology has been around for a . Vending machines have dispensed Plan B emergency oral contraceptive—the so‐called “morning after pill”—on college campuses since at least . Arizona State University and Florida State University installed pha.

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