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CATO at Liberty 10/22/2020 17:16
The detention of illegal immigrants is an important part of immigration enforcement. Immigrants who are apprehended at the border or in the interior of the United States are detained in Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities until they are removed from the United States. In recent years, many or shortly after being released to . This problem has worsened during the . The rate of death in ICE detention facilities is an important metric of how humane those facilities are. There are two primary pieces of data required to calculate the death rate in immigration detention: The number of people in detention each year and the number of deaths. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) runs all of the detention facilities and they pro.
CATO at Liberty 10/22/2020 09:45
Banned social media users have long petitioned for reinstatement via informal appeals amplified by prominent supporters. They may be public campaigns, involving supportive hashtags and mass retweets, or private pleas to platform staff known to the banned user or a verified friend. While platforms provide some formal appeal mechanisms, they rarely provide opportunities to solicit support, clarification, or additional context from other users. At scale, reversing an erroneous ban often seems like a matter of making enough noise to demand a second hearing. Sonya Mann. this phenomenon as pseudo‐feudal, highlighting the inherent inequality of informal collaborative appeals. When regular users run afoul of the algorithm, or are dinged by a moderat.
CATO at Liberty 10/21/2020 15:54
The most famous ballot question on fiscal policy is California’s Proposition 13 passed in 1978. Voters passed the constitutional change to limit property taxes statewide by a large margin, 65 percent to 35 percent. Howard Jarvis led the drive for Proposition 13 and made the cover of Time magazine, as shown. California property taxes are generally capped at one percent of purchase price plus an annual inflation factor. The large margin for passage was impressive given that only some voters are property owners while many are renters. This year Californians will decide whether to partly scrap the property tax limit. would repeal the cap for commercial and industrial properties to raise taxes by up to $12 billion. a year. These properties would
CATO at Liberty 10/20/2020 09:55
There seems to be a growing consensus among legal experts and free speech activists that international human rights law (IHR) should provide the framework for social media’s content moderation. In a. titled “But Facebook’s Not a Country,” Dangerous Speech Project founder Susan Benesch joins this growing chorus. What is IHR? It is a modern phenomena. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is considered its foundational document. It was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948. It has provided the basis for a set of treaties, covenants and conventions signed by UN member states, though governments often exempt themselves from specific obligations. They are intended to promote human rights across borders and create a framework of ru.
CATO at Liberty 10/15/2020 12:51
The Department of Labor (DOL) released last week that raised the “prevailing wage”—the minimum wage that employers must pay to H-1B and other foreign workers. In justifying the rule, DOL claimed that most employers were paying more than the current prevailing wage, so raising it shouldn’t affect them. Indeed, DOL said that the prevailing wage should approximate the wages that many H-1B employers were already paying to their workers. But it then went ahead and imposed prevailing wage rates that are far higher than the wages that H-1B workers are now receiving. DOL summarizes for raising the prevailing wage as follows:. the Department’s data show that many of the largest users of the H–1B program pay in many cases wages well over 20 percent in.
CATO at Liberty 10/14/2020 15:33
Confirmation hearings for Supreme Court nominee Judge Amy Coney Barrett have renewed interest in the 2015 case King v. Burwell . In 2017, Barrett NPR that between Chief Justice John Roberts’ majority and Associate Justice Antonin Scalia’s , “The dissent has the better of the legal argument.” Democrats thus fear Barrett will not treat ObamaCare with due reverence when reaches the Court on November 10. It was unintentionally fitting when, on the third day of hearings, Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) quoted a 2017 law review Barrett authored:. There is a risk that a faction can run away with the legislative process, but there is also a risk that a faction will conscript courts into helping them win battles they have already lost, fair and square. Klo.
CATO at Liberty 10/14/2020 11:20
In assessing the New Deal's contribution to economic recovery, I've naturally tended to draw on fairly recent research. That keeps me from being accused of being out of date. But it makes me vulnerable to the charge of overlooking the testimony of experts who studied the New Deal's consequences at first hand. To that charge, I plead an emphatic Not Guilty! Those who know me will back me up when I say that I'm actually an antiquarian at heart, who'd much rather read a musty old report than any recent journal article. So I've read plenty of contemporary writings on the course of the depression and recovery, and the New Deal's contribution to them, including those of several of FDR's own advisors. These works often support the critical assessm.
CATO at Liberty 10/13/2020 17:29
So far, the Amy Coney Barrett confirmation hearings are proceeding in the way most people probably expected. Judge Barrett is confidently and calmly discussing her approach to judging, ably explaining past comments and decisions, and — in accordance with the long‐standing practice of prior nominees — refusing to give commitments or comments about particular issues or cases. And the Senators are largely using the hearing to make political speeches. Democrats have mostly made policy arguments in support of the Affordable Care Act, criticized President Trump, and asked case‐specific questions they knew Judge Barrett would never answer. Republicans, in turn, have asserted that religious liberty is important and asked fairly banal questions that.
CATO at Liberty 10/13/2020 15:23
I am saddened to hear that Samuel Brittan has died at the age of 86. He wrote columns on economics and politics in the Financial Times that were often described as “essential reading” for almost 50 years, as well as essays and books. He described himself as a “sort of individualist liberal,” , with “lasting hostilities: to politicians (with rare exceptions), the Treasury and economic forecasting.”In 1973 he wrote a brilliant essay titled “Capitalism and the Permissive Society,” which is included in his book by that name (later reissued as A Restatement of Economic Liberalism) and in He noted that in recent decades the advocates of personal freedom and of economic freedom have often found themselves on opposite sides of the political spectr.
CATO at Liberty 10/13/2020 13:10
Launching the Center for Educational Freedom’s new book has taken up a lot of my time over the last couple of weeks, so I haven’t been able to post a summary out data on the health of private schooling under COVID-19. But it’s not too late to pull it together, even as the state of K-12 schooling continues to evolve. Closures. The good news is we have not seen the kill‐off of private schools that many——feared at the outset of lockdowns. Our has not recorded a COVID‐connected closing since September 1 and the total stands at 116 schools, reduced to 111 when school consolidations are considered. That is a tiny fraction of the nation’s approximately 32,500 private schools containing at least one grade K-12. Of course, it is entirely possible tha.
CATO at Liberty 10/12/2020 16:42
They’ve caught all the thieves and rapists in Fairfax County, Virginia, and now it’s full steam ahead against the other big menace to suburban tranquility: 9‐year‐old girls and their treehouses. The Annandale blog that. Erwan Dapoigny built a treehouse in May for his daughter Ana’s ninth birthday. But Ana and her friends were having so much fun they were terrorizing the entire neighborhood.
CATO at Liberty 10/09/2020 14:50
The Department of Labor’s (DOL) changes how it calculates the mandatory minimum wage—called the prevailing wage—for employers of H-1B and permanent foreign workers. DOL adopts a fundamentally flawed methodology as its basis to inflate the prevailing wage. But a bigger issue is that DOL itself failed to understand how much its methodological changes would artificially raise the required wages. DOL estimated the wage effects of its rule using completely erroneous assumptions, and so it understates to the public the wage increases by, in many cases, as much as 26 percent. The prevailing wage is supposed to approximate the wages of similarly skilled U.S. workers. DOL currently uses the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ (BLS) to create a prevailing wa.
CATO at Liberty 10/09/2020 13:09
This election, Americans will not only be choosing politicians for office but also whether to increase or decrease taxes in many places. In Arizona, voters will decide on , which would raise income taxes by 3.5 percentage points on high earners. Polls are the proposition may pass. In Illinois, voters whether to amend the state constitution to convert the state’s flat individual income tax into a multi‐rate system. The current income tax rate of 4.95% would be replaced by a six‐rate system with a top rate of 7.99%. The Illinois ballot measure was spearheaded by Governor J.B. Pritzker, who received an “F” on the new . According to , billionaire Pritzker has personally contributed $56 million to the 2020 ballot campaign for passage. Which side.
CATO at Liberty 10/06/2020 16:57
Since the this past May, and in the wake of the national turmoil his death provoked, both Congress and state legislatures have turned their attention to policing reform — and in particular, the doctrine of . At the federal level, been introduced (both by Democrats and Republicans) that would eliminate or substantially modify qualified immunity nationwide. Meanwhile, either passed or are policing reform that would eliminate or limit qualified immunity for state‐level civil rights claims. Unfortunately, the discussion around qualified immunity is plagued by misinformation. Nearly all of the defenses I’ve seen raised in support of the doctrine display a profound misunderstanding of what qualified immunity actually is and how it works, and I in.
CATO at Liberty 10/06/2020 13:16
Why do social media companies have the right to suppress speech on their platforms? In the United States, they. may. do so because the U.S. Supreme Court has said the First Amendment. . But the companies want more than sheer discretion, and they seem unwilling to say, “we’re maximizing shareholder value which requires suppressing speech.” Indeed, they seem to want an answer to the question: why. should. we suppress speech? This desire for a broader foundation for content moderation has led Facebook to the door of the United Nations and international law. Need to ban “hate speech”? of the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights requires it. And not just of governments. Facebook has signed the. which requires businesses to “respect” hu.
CATO at Liberty 10/05/2020 14:17
Dear Samantha Bee,. From , I see you have worries about school choice. I get it. We all hear lots of . But I have good news for you – we have what you need to sleep well at night (other than watching your show, of course)! This Wednesday, you could get a free copy of Cato’s new book , signed by editors Corey DeAngelis and me, that will give you everything you need to see that school choice isn’t the boogeyman. It’s much more like Hulu, Apple TV, and YouTube—those terrific things that enable us to watch not just government TV, but countless shows of our choosing. You know, shows like yours— —rather than just PBS NewsHour , or Antiques Roadshow , or whatever the British Broadcasting Company—not even our own broadcasting company—deigns to let u.
CATO at Liberty 10/05/2020 08:54
The Cato Institute has released its . The report grades state governors on their tax and spending records since 2018. Governors who have restrained taxes and spending receive higher grades, while those who have substantially increased taxes and spending receive lower grades. Four governors were awarded an A: Chris Sununu of New Hampshire, Kim Reynolds of Iowa, Pete Ricketts of Nebraska, and Mark Gordon of Wyoming. Seven governors were awarded an F: Ralph Northam of Virginia, Andrew Cuomo of New York, Gretchen Whitmer of Michigan, Phil Murphy of New Jersey, J. B. Pritzker of Illinois, Kate Brown of Oregon, and Jay Inslee of Washington. The report examines the tax and spending choices made by each governor. It also discusses current state bud.
CATO at Liberty 10/04/2020 12:31
When Justice Charles Evans Whittaker retired in March 1962 after just over five years on the Supreme Court, John F. Kennedy had his first opportunity to shape the high court. The youthful president selected a man of his own generation, Byron White. White had met JFK in England while on a Rhodes Scholarship—after having been runner‐up for the Heisman Trophy and spending a year as the highest‐paid player in the NFL—and the two became fast friends. White was a vigorous 45 and serving as the deputy attorney general under Robert F. Kennedy. Kennedy formally nominated him on April 3, 1962. Eight days later, White had his confirmation hearing, a quick ninety minutes including introductions and supporting testimony from various bar association offi.
CATO at Liberty 10/02/2020 17:02
The Congressional Budget Office today on changes in income, benefit payments, and federal taxes by income group since 1979. The following are three tax charts from the report. The CBO included individual income taxes, corporate income taxes, payroll taxes, and excise taxes. The first chart shows that tax rates have fallen the most at the bottom end. Average tax rates are total taxes paid by each income group divided by that group’s income as defined by CBO. CBO says, “Average federal tax rates declined most sharply among households in the lowest quintile, falling from a peak of 12.1 percent in 1984 to 1.3 percent in 2017.” The tax rate on the top 1 percent has varied, but by 2017 was roughly where it was almost 40 years earlier. Since then,

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