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Objectives. To improve the disinfection methods for materials with a non-sterile surface to be used in aseptic handling. Methods. The surface bioburden on ampoules (A) and injection vials (IV) is determined by contact plates and total immersion. The occurrence of spore-forming bacteria is determined by strain colouring and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time of flight mass spectrometry. The disinfection procedures of non-sterile materials in 10 hospital pharmacies are judged by observing. Results. After wiping according to local disinfection methods, the mean surface bioburden determined by contact plates in 10 hospital pharmacies is 0.36 (plastic A), 0.50 (glass A) and 0.29 colony-forming unit (cfu) (IV). The observers found grea.
Purpose. Optimise a wipe sampling procedure to evaluate the surface contamination for 23 antineoplastic drugs used in the hospital pharmacy. Methods. The influence of various parameters (ie, sampling device, sampling solution, desorption modes) was evaluated using a validated liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method able to quantify 23 antineoplastic drugs widely used in the hospital pharmacy: 5-fluorouracil, busulfan, cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, dacarbazine, daunorubicin, docetaxel, doxorubicin, epirubicin, etoposide, etoposide phosphate, fludarabine phosphate, ganciclovir, gemcitabine, idarubicin, ifosfamide, irinotecan, methotrexate, paclitaxel, pemetrexed, raltitrexed, topotecan and vincristine.
In this article, we report a case of a 25-year-old male patient who was under follow-up for nephrolithiasis and repeated urological interventions. His last operation was carried out 9 months ago for insertion of a double-J catheter. Pseudomonas aeruginosa , which is susceptible to only colistin treatment, was detected in the urine culture. Before the removal of the double-J catheter, colistin and ceftazidime antibiotics were started to prevent the risk of bloodstream infection. However, the treatment was stopped urgently due to signs of nephrotoxicity. His treatment was restarted with colistin 300 mg once as the initial loading dose, followed by 150 mg/day. However, this time, colistin neurotoxicity has developed and the treatment was again.
Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu disease, is a rare, vascular, autosomal dominant disorder. The purpose of this paper is to describe the efficacy and safety of treatment with intranasal bevacizumab in HHT. A 42-year-old woman with HHT presented with frequent episodes of epistaxis. Iron studies showed anaemia of iron deficiency from chronic blood loss. Because of the frequent epistaxis (Epistaxis Severity Score (ESS) 6.76) and varying haemoglobin levels (Hb range: 7.7–9.9g/dL) her doctors sought treatment with intranasal bevacizumab. This treatment was prescribed at the hospital pharmacy department in a laminar flow hood. 2.5 mL (25 mg) were placed in a nasal spray bottle. The recommended dosage w.
Objective. To present evidence for healthcare-provided medication adherence interventions on clinical, economic and humanistic outcomes among patients. Methods. Literature search of systematic reviews in Medline, Embase and CINAHL (2007–2017), validation of quality using A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) 2 and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses questionnaires and, finally, extraction, combination and tabulation of results for included studies. Results. From eight systematic reviews with medium to high AMSTAR 2 score, 37 randomised controlled studies involving 28 600 participants were extracted.
A Caucasian 39-year-old male patient with a poorly-differentiated infiltrating epidermoid penile carcinoma with urethral invasion was diagnosed. The patient received concomitant adjuvant chemotherapy with radiotherapy in the palliative setting, which produced painful ulceration of tumour lesions at loco-regional level (Numerical Rate Scale, NRS=9). The patient consented for treatment with direct topical sevoflurane instillations, at initial doses of 1 mL/cm 2 of ulcerated area, as per unit protocol. The local use of undiluted sevoflurane achieved a marked reduction of the pain score in both nociceptive and irruptive pains (average NRS=3 immediately post-application). This improvement was corroborated by a decline in total morphine needs, an.
Dronedarone, a useful treatment for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, is often only prescribed in secondary care. To support a protocol shared between primary and secondary care, dronedarone use was audited in our centre and prescribing practices across UK secondary care centres were reviewed. From 2010 to 2015, a total of 181 patients were started on dronedarone. There were no deaths or serious adverse events. Median cessation time due to adverse effects was 52 days and 88% stopped dronedarone within 6 months. Of 17 local prescribing protocols across the UK, 12 involved shared care and 5 purely secondary care follow-up. In our review, dronedarone was safe and well tolerated. The use of shared care protocols is well established in other UK ce.
A female patient in her seventies affected by a signet-ring cell carcinoma G3pT4N3 (24/29), with lymphovascular invasion, HER2-negative. After completing three cycles of first-line systemic treatment in combination with cisplatin (CDDP) + 5-fluorouracil (5FU), a new systemic therapy line with paclitaxel + Cyramza (ramucirumab) was planned. On the day after the first administration the patient manifested a Standford type A aortic dissection (AD), with a diameter of around 6.5 cm and dissection flap originating in the ascending aorta below the brachiocephalic trunk, extended to the whole descending aorta until the carrefour. The causal relationship between adverse drug reactions and Cyramza, calculated using the Naranjo algorithm, led to a re.

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