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Purpose:. mAbs including cetuximab can induce antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and cytokine production mediated via innate immune cells with the ability to recognize mAb-coated tumors. Preclinical modeling has shown that costimulation of natural killer (NK) cells via the Fc receptor and the IL12 receptor promotes NK-cell–mediated ADCC and production of cytokines. Patients and Methods:. This phase I/II trial evaluated the combination of cetuximab with IL12 for the treatment of EGFR-expressing head and neck cancer. Treatment consisted of cetuximab 500 mg/m 2 i.v. every 2 weeks with either 0.2 mcg/kg or 0.3 mcg/kg IL12 s.c. on days 2 and 5 of the 2-week cycle, beginning with cycle 2. Correlative studies from blood draws obtained p.
Purpose:. Uveal melanoma is a primary malignancy of the eye with oncogenic mutations in GNAQ, GNA11, or CYSLTR2 , and additional mutations in BAP1 (usually associated with LOH of Chr 3), SF3B1 , or EIF1AX . There are other characteristic chromosomal alterations, but their significance is not clear. Experimental Design:. To investigate genes driving chromosomal alterations, we integrated copy number, transcriptome, and mutation data from three cohorts and followed up key findings. Results:. We observed significant enrichment of transcripts on chromosomes 1p, 3, 6, 8, and 16q and identified seven shared focal copy number alterations (FCNAs) on Chr 1p36, 2q37, 3, 6q25, 6q27, and 8q24. Integrated analyses revealed clusters of genes in focal copy n.
Purpose:. Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy induces durable tumor regressions in a minority of patients with cancer. In this study, we aimed to identify kinase inhibitors that were capable of increasing the antimelanoma immunity. Experimental Design:. Flow cytometry–based screening was performed to identify kinase inhibitors that can block the IFN-induced PD-L1 expression in melanoma cells. The pharmacologic activities of regorafenib alone or in combination with immunotherapy in vitro and in vivo were determined. The mechanisms of regorafenib were explored and analyzed in melanoma patients treated with or without anti–PD-1 using The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets. Results:. Through screening of.
Purpose:. To identify immune subtypes and investigate the immune landscape of squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), which share common etiology and histologic features. Experimental Design:. Based on the immune gene expression profiles of 1,368 patients with SCC in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we used consensus clustering to identify robust clusters of patients and assessed their reproducibility in an independent pan-SCC cohort of 938 patients.
Purpose:. Human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) commonly bear disruptive mutations in TP53 , resulting in treatment resistance. In these patients, direct targeting of p53 has not been successful, but synthetic lethal approaches have promise. Although Aurora A kinase (AURKA) is overexpressed and an oncogenic driver, its inhibition has only modest clinical effects in HPV-negative HNSCC. We explored a novel combination of AURKA and WEE1 inhibition to overcome intrinsic resistance to AURKA inhibition. Experimental Design: AURKA protein expression was determined by fluorescence-based automated quantitative analysis of patient specimens and correlated with survival. We evaluated treatment with the AURKA.
Purpose:. Immunotherapies targeting costimulating and coinhibitory checkpoint receptors beyond PD-1 and CTLA-4 have entered clinical trials. Little is known about the relative abundance, coexpression, and immune cells enriched for each specific drug target, limiting understanding of the biological basis of potential treatment outcomes and development of predictive biomarkers for personalized immunotherapy. We sought to assess the abundance of checkpoint receptors during melanoma disease progression and identify immune cells enriched for them. Experimental Design: Multiplex immunofluorescence staining for immune checkpoint receptors (ICOS, GITR, OX40, PD-1, TIM-3, VISTA) was performed on 96 melanoma biopsies from 41 treatment-naïve patients,
Purpose:. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin is the leading cause of death in patients with the severe generalized form of the genetic disease recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB). Although emerging data are identifying why patients suffer this fatal complication, therapies for treatment of RDEB SCC are in urgent need. Experimental Design: We previously identified polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) as a therapeutic target in skin SCC, including RDEB SCC. Here, we undertake a screen of 6 compounds originally designated as PLK1 inhibitors, and detail the efficacy of the lead compound, the multipathway allosteric inhibitor ON-01910, for targeting RDEB SCC in vitro and in vivo . Results:. ON-01910 (or rigosertib) exhibited significant

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