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Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:51
01. New topological insulator reroutes photonic ‘traffic’ on the fly 02. Researchers use laser light to transform metal into magnet 03. Uncovering the hidden “noise” that can kill qubits 04. The future of ‘extremely’ energy-efficient circuits 05. Scientists create fully electronic 2-D spin transistors 06. Scientists develop DNA microcapsules with built-in ion channels 07. Liquid Air Could Store Renewable Energy and Reduce Emissions 08. Welcome indoors, solar cells 09. Pearls: New light on enhancing lightweight armor for soldiers 10. MIT engineers develop “blackest black” material to date And others… Delivering on Quantum InnovationDevice generates light from the cold night skyEmTech […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:46
IEEE Spectrum September 18, 2019 Refrigerated food warehouses and factories consume immense amounts of energy. A team of researchers and companies in Europe working under the CryoHub project sponsored by EU are now developing a cryogenic energy storage system that could reduce carbon emissions from the food sector while providing a convenient way to store wind and solar power. The system will use extra wind and solar electricity to freeze air to cryogenic temperatures, where it becomes liquid, and in the process shrinks by 700 times in volume. The liquid air is stored in insulated low-pressure tanks similar to the […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:36
IEEE Spectrum September 13, 2019 The University of Maryland has announced the launch of the Quantum Technology Center which aims to translate quantum physics research into innovative technologies. The center will pursue collaborations with industry and government labs to help take promising quantum advances from the lab to the marketplace. It will also train students in the development and application of quantum technologies to produce a workforce educated in quantum-related engineering. UMD already hosts more than 200 researchers in quantum science, one of the greatest concentrations in the world. Much of the effort has been led by the Joint Quantum […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:33
EurekAlert September 12, 2019 A team of researchers in the US (UCLA, Stanford University) built a thermoelectric generator that sidesteps the limitations of solar power by taking advantage of radiative cooling, in which a sky-facing surface passes its heat to the atmosphere as thermal radiation, losing some heat to space and reaching a cooler temperature than the surrounding air harnessing temperature differences to generate electricity.
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:29
Asia Research News September 18, 2019 EmTech Asia, co-sponsored by MIT Technology Review will take place in Singapore in February 2020. It brings together the brightest minds in artificial intelligence, materials science, biomedicine, immersive media, space (and much more) from around the world to share breakthrough research and discoveries connecting the best from academia and industry to collaborate. It creates a platform for scientists with the capability to change the world to meet investors to commercialize ideas and tech executives to distribute it globally…read more. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:24
Science Daily September 18, 2019 Information communication technology is projected to account for 20% of total energy consumption in the United States by 2020. To reduce energy consumption while improving efficiency, an international team of researchers (Japan, USA – Northeastern University) used Adiabatic Quantum-Flux-Parametron (AQFP) to replace direct current with alternating current which acts as both the clock signal and the power supply — as the current switches directions, it signals the next time phase for computing. According to the researchers it could improve conventional communication technologies with currently available fabrication processes. They developed a computation logic that takes the […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:21
MIT News September 12, 2019 The material reported by researchers at MIT is made from vertically aligned carbon nanotubes that the team grew on a surface of chlorine-etched aluminum foil. The foil captures at least 99.995 percent of any incoming light, making it the blackest material on record. They suspect that it may have something to do with the combination of etched aluminum, which is somewhat blackened, with the carbon nanotubes. In an exhibit called Redemption of Vanity they demonstrated the material by making a brilliantly faceted 16.78 carat diamond appear as a flat, black void by coating it with […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:16
Phys.org September 13, 2019 An international team of researchers (USA – University of Pennsylvania, Italy) has developed a prototype photonic chip that is roughly 250 microns square and features a tessellated grid of oval rings. By pumping the chip with an external laser, targeted to alter the photonic properties of individual rings, they are able to alter which of those rings constitute the boundaries of a waveguide. The result is a reconfigurable topological insulator. By changing the pumping patterns, photons headed in different directions can be routed around each other, allowing photons from multiple data packets to travel through the […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:12
Science Daily September 16, 2019 The bulk of the material created by researchers at SUNY, Buffalo, is ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene, or UHMWPE, which is used to make products like artificial hips and guitar picks. Their design is based on the mother of pearl, which mollusks create by arranging a form of calcium carbonate into a structure that resembles interlocking bricks. Like mother of pearl, the researchers designed the material to have an extremely tough outer shell with a more flexible inner backing that is capable of deforming and absorbing projectiles. The material is stiff, strong, tough and has high […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:05
Phys.org September 16, 2019 Up to now, researchers have only been capable of manipulating the properties already found in a material using light. An international team of researchers (Denmark, Singapore) has shown that when the material is irradiated with laser light, plasmons in the metal disk begin to rotate in either a clockwise or counterclockwise direction. However, these plasmons change the quantum electronic structure of a material, which simultaneously alters their own behavior, catalyzing a feedback loop. Feedback from the plasmons’ internal electric fields eventually causes the plasmons to break the intrinsic symmetry of the material and trigger an instability […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 14:00
Nanowerk September 17, 2019 Using gold electrodes, researchers in the Netherlands were able to send a pure charge current through graphene and generate a spin current, referred to as the Rashba-Edelstein effect. This happens due to the interaction with the heavy atoms of the TMD monolayer (in this case, tungsten disulfide). The charge current induces a spin current in the graphene, which they could measure with spin-selective ferromagnetic cobalt electrodes. The charge-to-spin conversion makes it possible to build all-electrical spin circuits with graphene. They showed that the efficiency of the generation of the spin accumulation can be tuned by the […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 13:55
Science Daily September 18, 2019 By utilising DNA nanotechnology, a team of researchers in Japan designed DNA nanoplates as a nanopore device for ion transportation and stabilised the oil–water interface. Microscopic examination revealed the microcapsule formed by the accumulation of amphiphilic DNA nanoplates at the oil–water interface. Ion current measurements revealed the nanoplate pores functioned as channel to transport ions. These findings provide a general strategy for the programmable design of microcapsules to engineer artificial cells and molecular robots. Such systems could be used to develop artificial neural networks…read more. TECHINCAL ARTICLE. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 13:53
Physics World September 17, 2019 An international consortium is currently building the most ambitious fusion experiment to date in rural southern France. ITER will ultimately produce 10 times more energy than is needed to heat its fusion fuel – generating 500 MW of power for 20 minutes using only 50 MW of input power. One of its core objectives is to prepare the ground for the first large-scale fusion power plants. A new development is a major upgrade to the Mega Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST), a UK facility that represents a different approach to fusion power. MAST exploits a spherical […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 13:49
MIT News September 16, 2019 Statistics-based models to estimate the impact of unwanted noise sources surrounding qubits to create new ways to protect them generally capture simplistic Gaussian noise. A team of researchers (MIT, Dartmouth College) developed a technique to separate non-Gaussian noise from the background Gaussian noise, and then used signal-processing techniques to reconstruct highly detailed information about those noise signals. The key innovation behind the work is carefully engineering the pulses to act as specific filters that extract properties of the “bispectrum,” a two-dimension representation that gives information about distinctive time correlations of non-Gaussian noise. Those reconstructions can […]. .
Sciligent 09/20/2019 13:44
Eurekalert September 16, 2019 An international team of researchers (China, Sweden) developed a new combination of donor and acceptor materials, with a carefully determined composition, to be used as the active layer in an organic solar cell. The power they produce is low but is probably enough to feed the millions of products IoT products. They designed a non-fullerene acceptor named IO-4Cl and blend it with a polymer donor named PBDB-TF to obtain a photoactive layer whose absorption spectrum matches that of indoor light sources. The photovoltaic characterizations reveal a low energy loss below 0.60 eV. As a result, the organic […]. .
Sciligent 09/13/2019 15:50
01. Researchers produce synthetic Hall Effect to achieve one-way radio transmission 02. Molecule properties change through light 03. Researchers show atoms can receive common communications signals 04. Hearing through the clatter 05. New metamaterial morphs into new shapes, taking on new properties 06. Measuring changes in magnetic order to find ways to transcend conventional electronics 07. Conductivity at the edges of graphene bilayers 08. Engineers Build a Device That Effectively Transforms CO2 Into Liquid Fuel 09. ‘The Alexa of chemistry’: NSF puts VCU and partners on fast track to build open network 10. How the United States Is Developing Post-Quantum […]. .
Sciligent 09/13/2019 15:43
EurekAlert September 12, 2019 Currently, there is no shared network or central portal where molecular scientists and engineers can harness artificial intelligence and data science tools to build models to support their needs. There is no standard way to represent — or predict — molecular performance. Under the NSF Convergence Accelerator program it has funded a multi-university pilot project seeking to use artificial intelligence to help scientists come up with the perfect molecule for everything from a better shampoo to coatings on advanced microchips. They will develop a central platform for collecting data, creating molecular imprints and developing algorithms for […]. .
Sciligent 09/13/2019 15:40
Science Daily September 9, 2019 With a focus on Latin America, an international team of researchers (USA – Utah State University, Ohio University, Pennsylvania State University, Indiana State University, Mexico, Chile, Norway, Germany) reviews research on how land change affects migration and how migration affects land systems, to demonstrate that the relationship is complex and context-specific.
Sciligent 09/13/2019 15:35
Phys.org September 9, 2019 China’s Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope, known as FAST is the world’s most sensitive listening device. The single-dish radio telescope is made of 4,450 individual panels that scan the sky to explore the universe. It’s cradled in a natural Earth depression the size of 30 soccer fields. It has more than twice the collecting area of the world’s previous largest radio telescope, the 305-meter dish in Arecibo, Puerto Rico. With construction completed in 2016, FAST has undergone rigorous testing and has one more hurdle before it’s considered fully operational. While solely funded by the Chinese government, […]. .

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